List of Abbreviations

Ab= antibody

aCML= atypical chronic myeloid leukaemia

Ag= antigen

AIDS= acquired immune deficiency syndrome

AITL= angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma

ALCL= anaplastic large cell lymphoma

ALL= acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

AML= acute myeloid leukaemia

AST= aspartate transaminase

ATL= adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma

Β2m= β2-microglobulin

Ca= carcinoma

CML= chronic myeloid leukaemia

CMML= chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia

CMV= cytomegalovirus

CNS= central nervous system

CPK=creatine phosphokinase

CRP= C-reactive protein

CSF= cerebrospinal fluid

CT= computed tomography

CTCL= cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

CVA= cerebrovascular accident

Ddx= differential diagnosis

DIC= disseminated intravascular coagulation

DLBCL= diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

DNA= deoxyribonucleic acid

DVT= deep venous thrombosis

EBV= Epstein–Barr virus

ELISA= enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

ESR= erythrocyte sedimentation rate

FBC= full blood count

FISH= fluorescence in-situ hybridisation

G6PD= glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

GI= gastrointestinal

GPI= glycosylphosphatidylinositol

Hb= haemoglobin concentration

Hb H= haemoglobinopathy H

Hb CC= haemoglobinopathy C

Hb SC= haemoglobinopathy SC

HHV-6= human herpesvirus 6

HIV= human immunodeficiency virus

HTLV-1= human T-cell lymphotropic virus 1

ICU= intensive care unit

LDH= lactate dehydrogenase

LFTs= liver function tests

L-HES= lymphocytic variant of hypereosinophilic syndrome

MCV= mean cell volume

MDS= myelodysplastic syndrome(s)

MDS/MPNs= myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms

Μ-HES= myeloid variant of hypereosinophilic syndrome

MPN= myeloproliferative neoplasm(s)

MPV= mean platelet volume

PCR= polymerase chain reaction

PLT= platelet count

PNH= paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria

PTCL= peripheral T-cell lymphoma

RBC= red blood cell

ΤCR= T-cell receptor

Th1= helper T-cell 1

Th2= helper T-cell 2

T-PLL= T-lineage prolymphocytic leukaemia

ULN= upper normal limit

US= ultrasound

WBC= white blood cell count

WHO= World Health Organization

Note to the reader

Unless otherwise stated, all photomicrographs have been stained with a May-Grünwald-Giemsa stain.
Cover image: Loa loa microfilaria in blood film.